Instructions for Authors
American Health & Drug Benefits (AHDB) is an independent, peer-reviewed journal founded in 2008 on the concept that health and drug benefits have undergone a transformation: the econometric value of a therapy is currently of equal importance to clinical outcomes as it is to serving as the basis for coverage decisions and benefit designs. Because benefit designs are greatly affected by clinical, business, and policy conditions, the journal offers a forum for stakeholder integration and collaboration toward the promotion of value-based healthcare. AHDB further provides benefit design makers the integrated information they need to devise benefit designs and make coverage decisions that stand up to today’s demand for value-based healthcare that is founded on quality, cost, and access considerations.
AHDB welcomes articles on clinical-, policy-, and business-related topics relevant to the integration of the forces in healthcare that affect the cost and quality of healthcare delivery, improve healthcare quality, and ultimately result in access to care, focusing on health organization structures and processes, health information, health policies, health and behavioral economics, as well as health technologies, products, and patient behaviors relevant to value-based quality of care.
The editors invite authors to submit original research, systematic review articles, survey results, case studies, and white papers, as well as brief analyses of industry trends, perspectives, and letters relevant to published articles.
Manuscripts submitted must be original and must not have been published previously, either in print or in electronic form. Manuscripts cannot be submitted elsewhere while under consideration by AHDB. All authors must sign an appropriate disclosure form and a copyright transfer/authorship form.
AHDB is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Membership in COPE indicates that this journal upholds COPE’s Code of Conduct standards and intends to take appropriate action in cases of possible misconduct, such as plagiarism, attempted or actual redundant publication, any attempts to pass off fraudulent data, unethical research, or breaches of confidentiality.
All articles undergo an initial internal review for topic appropriateness and manuscript format. Manuscripts that are not submitted according to the guidelines in this document will be returned to the author.
All manuscripts are subject to a strict, double-blinded peer review (by 2-3 reviewers), and acceptance is based entirely on that review. Reviewers look for the accuracy of the information and data presented, as well as the relevance to the objectives of AHDB.
All authors’ identifying information is removed from the article for the purpose of the peer review, but any study funding information is provided to reviewers. Authors are notified as soon as possible regarding the initial decision of acceptance or rejection of the article. The majority of articles that are accepted for publication, however, will require revisions and resubmission. A second review is conducted when recommended by reviewers.
Routine editorial changes are made on all articles to conform to house style, following the AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed.1 The edited manuscript is sent to the corresponding author for a final review and for any outstanding editorial queries. The corresponding author is responsible for getting approval from all authors on the final edited version. Time from submission to publication is generally 3 to 5 months, but could be longer, depending on the peer-review and editing processes.
Authors listed on the manuscript should only include those who have made a direct contribution to the content of the article, in accordance with the authorship criteria provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).2 Credit for authorship is based on a substantial contribution to (1) conception and design, or data analysis/interpretation, (2) drafting or revising the article critically for intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be published, and (4) agreement to be accountable to all aspects of the article’s accuracy and integrity. These 3 criteria must all be met.2 Those who have contributed to the article but do not meet these authorship criteria should be acknowledged at the end of the article.
Provide authors’ highest academic degree and professional affiliations. Also provide the name, address, telephone number, e-mail, and fax number of the corresponding author. The corresponding author is responsible for securing signatures for all forms from all authors and for getting final approval from all authors for the version of the article to be published.
All authors are required to sign an Authorship/Copyright Transfer Form, assigning all copyrights for the manuscript to Engage Healthcare Communications, LLC, publisher of AHDB.
For an article to be considered for publication, authors must adhere to the manuscript format described in this document and follow the general ICMJE guidelines.2
All authors must disclose any relationship that could be viewed as a potential conflict of interest, based on ICMJE guidelines,2 including any financial interests, direct or indirect, and any affiliations or involvement (competitive or amiable) with organizations that have a financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript. Each author must independently sign the Financial Disclosure Form (available at www.AHDBonline.com) in accordance with the ICMJE guidelines.2
AHDB discloses all information regarding employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, grants, or other financial sources with potential conflict of interest in relation to a manuscript, or if authors discuss any products or services with such commercial interest. Any information regarding funding, grants, or other financial compensation must be listed on the title page of the manuscript. All published articles will include disclosure statements listing any relationships with real or potential conflict of interest for all authors and for the manuscript/research.
Any funding source must be disclosed on the title page of the manuscript. The funding company/entity cannot intervene in the editorial content and process.
Identifying personal information, such as patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be included in the submitted article, unless the information is essential for the accuracy of the article and the patient (or parent or guardian) has given written informed consent to publish that information. In this case, the patient must be shown the manuscript and the way the information is being used. Authors should provide a signed informed consent when submitting the article and remove any identifying details that are not essential for the purpose of the article.
Human and Animal Rights
When reporting experiments on human subjects, the authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (see Editorial Policies).
Authors must secure written permission to reuse or adapt any graphic elements (table, figure) from a previously published (online or in print) article or from any other source. Provide the letter of permission when submitting the manuscript, or indicate that permission will be provided, and cite the original source with the graphic element in the manuscript. Authors are responsible for acknowledging all information that has been published previously.
Manuscripts that do not adhere to the format described in this document will be returned to the author. Maximum of 5 tables and figures combined. Supplemental materials can be posted online with the article.
Include a proper title for the article and list the names, titles, and affiliations of all authors. Also list the name, address, telephone number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author. List all funding sources for the study/article.
Articles must include an abstract (200-300 words) that describes the main objectives of the article, why this article is important, and what it adds to the literature. The abstract must be divided into these categories: Background, Objectives, Methods (and Study Design, if relevant), Results (or Discussion for a review article), and Conclusion.
Review articles must describe the method(s) used to select the relevant literature discussed in that article.
The entire text, including tables, must be provided as a double-spaced Word file and all pages numbered consecutively. Cite any graphic elements (tables, figures, algorithms, appendix) consecutively in the text, but place actual tables/figures at the end of the article, after the references. Limit the length of the text to 3500 words (excluding abstract, references, and figures).
The conclusion is not a summary of the article. Rather, it should add something new to the article, a point of view or comments related to the rationale for the article and what the article adds to the literature.
Tables and figures
Maximum of 5 tables and figures combined. Cite all figures, tables, algorithms, and other graphics in the text, but place the graphic elements at the end of the article, after the references. Type all tables and all figure heads and captions in the Word document.
Use most up-to-date, post-2000, primary sources only, cited consecutively in the text (as superscript numbers), then place each complete reference at the end of the article under heading “References.” Avoid automatic numbering of references or footnote/endnote features. Try to limit the number of references to 35. Authors must provide the references with the article to enable the editors to verify all information cited.
Use citation format according to the AMA Manual of Style.1
1. Peters JL, Sutton AJ, Jones DR, et al. Comparison of two methods to detect publication bias in meta-analysis. JAMA. 2006;295:676-680.
2. McGrath JJ, Murray RM. Risk factors for schizophrenia: from conception to birth. In: Hirsch SR, Weinberger DR, eds. Schizophrenia. Oxford, England: Blackwell Press; 2003.
3. Waters R, Pettypiece S. Drug sales in the US grow at slower pace as generic use surges. Bloomberg news. March 12, 2008. www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aLfUw7_sYMRY. Accessed March 13, 2008.
How to Submit Manuscripts
Articles that do not follow the guidelines described in this document will not be considered for publication.
Save the manuscript as a Word file and attach individual files for each image or figure. Save each figure individually as a PDF. Digital images must be saved at a high resolution (300 dpi).
- AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2007.
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. Updated December 2013. http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2014.